Pench Tiger Reserve
Pench Tiger Reserve
Pench Tiger Reserve, nestling in the lower southern reaches of the Satpura
hills is named after Pench river which flows from north to south through the
Pench National Park. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya
Recently in 1992, Pench has been included under the umbrella of "Project
Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.
A total of 758 Sq. kms of this Southern Indian tropical moist deciduous
forest has its extent mingling with the tropical dry deciduous teak. The
area is crisscrossed by a number of streams and 'nallahs' most of which are
seasonal. Though the Pench River dries up in April end, a number of water
pools locally known as 'dohs' are found which serve as water holes for the
wild animals. However, the water sources are not suitably distributed, hence
large area is left unutilized by the wild animals. The Pench Reservoir at
the center of the park is the only major water source during the pinch
As a prey concentration is high along the Pench River, tiger usually
inhabits this belt. Leopard though generally operates in the peripheral
areas but are occasionally seen in the deep forest also. Jungle cats are
commonly seen. Leopard cats, small Indian civets and palm civets are common
but seen rarely.
Sambar, nilgai are commonly seen grazing on the open sites on roadsides and
banks of river & reservoir. Jackals can be seen in search of food
anywhere in the Park. Packs up to 15 of wild dog can be seen near Chhedia,
Jamtara, Bodanala and Pyorthadi areas of the Reserve. Herds of gaur can be
spotted near streams and bamboo patches commonly in summer months. Sloth
beer occupy hilly, rocky out crops and favour mahul bel infested forest.
Chnkara is present in very small numbers and is found in open areas around
Turia, Telia and Dudhgaon villages.
The Park is situated in the Seoni District of Southern
Madhya Pradesh and runs in continuation with Pench National Park in
Maharashtra. It is situated 82 Kms. (2 hours of drive) and is well connected
by an all weather metalloid road network to other important places in Madhya
Pradesh and Maharashtra. The nearest railhead of Nagpur- Jabalpur (192 Kms.)
serves as a comfortable air and railhead.
It is blessed with forests spread in all the direction. As
per the physiognomy, the forest type is southern tropical dry deciduous teak
and southern tropical mixed deciduous forest with other species of shrubs,
trees and climbers. Teak and its associates moyan, mahua, mokha, skiras,
tendu, bija, achar, garari, aonla, ghont, baranga, amaltas, kihamali, khair,
palas. Bamboo occurs sparsely, restricted to some valley.
Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and a number of endangered species
have made it their habitat. There are 25 tigers under this umbrella of the
Park. 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians
and over 170 varieties of birds have already been listed.
Apart from mammals and other land-based wildlife, the park is also rich in
bird life. According to an estimation of the wildlife authorities, the bird
population in the park counts to be over 210 species like barbets, bulbul,
minivets orioles, wagtails, munias, mynas, waterfowls and blue kingfishers.
in the year 2005 at Pench National Park
- Tiger:-33 adult and 10 to 15 new cubs
- Leopards:-41 It is said the leopard sighting in Pench is best in
- Wild Dog:-166 Sloth
- Bear:-13 Spotted
- Deer:-25000 to 30000
- Sambar Deer:-3500
- Four Horned Antelope:-80
- Wild Boor:-4000
- Gaur:-700 to 800
October to January - Cold 16* to 3* C
February to March- Cool 16* C to 26* C
April to June- 26 * to 42* C
The Pench National Park is open to the visitors from
October 16th to June 30th each year and closed during the rainy seasons
(July - Sept.)